Heel spurs form on the bottom and back of the heel and can be extremely painful. The spur is made up of calcium that collects in one area and begins to form a pointed bump or protrusion. Heel spurs often appear along with plantar fasciitis. Inflammation of the fascia can cause the body's immune system to send additional calcium to the area. Any excess that is not used will often collect in one spot and may eventually turn into a heel or bone spur somewhere on the foot. As the person walks on the heel, the constant pressure can aggravate the spur causing it to grow larger and cause additional discomfort.
Podiatrists have several ways of treating heel spurs that don't require surgery or invasive procedures. Orthotics and braces can be used to help keep pressure off of the spur as a person walks. Special shoes can also be worn to help prevent the spurs from worsening. Stretching exercises and physical therapy will also provide benefits.such as increasing blood flow and maintaining flexibility. Keeping the foot flexible is extremely important. Taping the foot or wearing a brace will support the heel and take pressure off of the spur. Stabilizing the foot as exercises are performed and increasing blood flow to the area may help to reduce the inflammation associated with the plantar fasciitis.
Heel spurs can begin to form without any notice or symptomatology. To prevent any type of bone or heel spur from forming, it is important to maintain an ideal weight so that the pressure on the feet is not excessive. Avoid wearing shoes that are too tight, such as high heels or shoes that are too small. Before exercising, make sure to stretch the feet to prevent inflammation and possible injury. To prevent injuries to the feet, heel spurs, bunions, and other problems, it is important to wear shoes that fit properly. If a person has problems with their feet, they may need to use orthotics or other devices that can help support the arch and protect the foot.