Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that occurs in individuals who have been diagnosed with diabetes. A diabetic has problems maintaining stable blood sugar levels. This can often result in the nerves not getting the nutrients and oxygen they need to remain healthy and functioning efficiently. As the nutrients in the blood continue to fluctuate, the nerves become more and more prone to damage. Eventually, the myelin sheath that covers the nerve begins to deteriorate, leaving the sensitive nerve to be exposed. As more and more of the nerve begins to show, the pain and discomfort will become more severe.
Diabetic nerve pain can be characterized by a wide range of symptoms. In the beginning, numbness, tingling, and the feeling of "pins and needles" may be present. Sharp pains, muscle cramps, muscle weakness, poor reflexes, increased sensitivity to touch, and poor balance are all common signs that can begin slowly and gradually worsen. Poor balance and a lack of coordination can lead to changes in how a person walks. As their gait changes, problems with the feet and ankles may begin to appear. In most cases, symptoms will appear in the feet first. As the symptoms continue to worsen, they will start to appear in the hands and then the arms.
Diabetic neuropathy cannot be cured, but the symptoms can be treated. The best way to begin treatment is to bring the diabetes under control and restore normal blood sugar levels. This will slow down the progression of the condition and may actually reduce some of the symptoms. Symptoms can be managed through the use of medications and make sure blood flow to the area remains constant. Physical therapy will provide exercises for the affected areas, restoring blood flow and keeping the area strong and fully functional. MLS laser therapy uses cold laser technology and is quickly becoming a popular option when it comes to the treatment of diabetic nerve pain.